“Every time you eat or drink, you are either feeding disease or fighting it”—Heather Morgan, MS, NLC.
Pears are excellent sources of health promoting nutrients. Consuming pears assist in weight loss, reduce the risk of cancer development, hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, help to treat diverticulosis , fight against free radicals, help to prevent osteoporosis, increases energy levels , etc.
Pears are curvaceous , sweet, juicy and are available in an array of colours from bright green to tawny red to sunset yellow type with an unusual texture which alters as its ripening stage appears. Some pears have a rounded body that taper into a neck of various lengths (European Pears) while some are completely round with no neck(Asian Pears). They have a smooth texture. Some pears possess sweet flavour while some have an aromatic one . Pears can be classified into Asian Pears (Pyrus pyrifolia) and European Pears(Pyrus communis). Asian pear varieties show a sandy texture which doesnot change after harvesting or storage while European pears turn juicy when they ripen. The pear belongs to any of tree or shrub species of genus Pyrus in the family Rosaceae. It is also the name of the pomaceous fruit of trees. There are several species of trees which are valued for their edible juices and fruits. The common varieties of pears are- Anjou, Bartlett, Bosc, Concorde, Seckel, Comice, Forelle, Starkrimson.
Nutritional Value of Pears (Nashpati)
Pears are nutrient dense fruits. A medium sized pear contains approximately hundred calories and is fat free. Pears are rich source of dietary fiber. A medium sized pear provide about fifteen percent of daily copper requirement. The skin of pear is mainly a concentrated source of phenolic phytonutrients. Pears have a high water content with negligible amount of protein. Pears are cholesterol free. They contain minerals like copper , calcium, manganese, phosphorus, zinc, magnesium and iron. Pears are also filled with vitamins ( Vitamin A, C, D,K, E,B-12, B-6,), folates, pantothenic acid, and carbohydrates. The fruit excels in phytonutrient category. The list of phytonutrients contained in pear is as follows:- Hydroxybenzoic acid- chlorogenic acid, gentisic acid, syringic acid, vanilic acid; Hydroxycinnamic acid- coumaric acid, ferulic acid, 5-caffeoylquinic acid; Hydroxyquinones- arbutin; Flavanols- catechin, epicatechin; Flavonols- isorhamnetin, quercetin, kaempferol; Anthocyanins ( in red-skinned varieties); Carotenoids- beta-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin.
Helps to keep the heart healthy
Pear contains potassium which is a well-known vasodilator. Thus it can significantly affect heart health. It helps to lower blood pressure reducing strain on cardiovascular system and thus lower the chance of heart attacks and atherosclerosis. It increases blood flow to all body parts which oxygenates the organs improving their function. Potassium in pears act as a fluid regulator. Hence, it keeps body hydrated and ensures balance of essential fluids in the various cells and organs of the body.